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how to rent your cottage
07.14.2020

Before You Rent Your Cottage – Do These 5 Things.

Homeowners

Ontario is home to many lakes and rivers, and there are many stunning, privately owned properties in remote areas that are ideal for vacations away from the stress of city life.

If you are a cottage owner thinking about making a little extra cash by renting out your property for the first time, your timing is excellent! Demand for this type of accommodation is growing.

COVID-19 has changed the way we think about crossing borders, being in crowds, and even leaving our homes. Air travel has become a little scary for lots of people, and the appeal to a quiet vacation closer to home has increased. Families who have never camped may now consider the seclusion of a tent to be safer than a large hotel or resort, and see a cabin or cottage as a luxurious vacation getaway.

Before putting out an ad offering your place for rent, consider doing the following things to protect your investment and ensure a smooth experience:

 

1. Create a written list of detailed instructions for guests and leave them at the cottage.

Many of your renters will be city dwellers who may not know much about septic systems, wells, cisterns, or even how dispose of garbage that can’t be left at the curb. Provide some basic details about the house, property, neighbours, rules, local amenities, etc. Leave clear instructions for who to call in case of emergency. Do a little research – there are many templates online to help you write a great welcome book. Here’s one we like to get you started.

 

2. Screen your guests well.

Have a set of criteria for renters and a clear list of rules. Consider taking a damage deposit and clearly state what type of damage or behaviour will result in your keeping it. If you are not comfortable doing this on your own, you might want to hire a service like VRBO to help you through the process of finding renters, processing payment, keeping records, and building a reputation.

 

3. Furnish your cottage with durable items that will withstand heavy use.

Think shatter-resistant dishes, solid (but inexpensive) furniture, thick towels, and easily washable bed linens. Limit the number of knick-knacks and breakables. Decorate sparingly – just enough to create a homey feeling, but without putting any of your own treasured valuables at risk of being damaged.  If you need a little inspiration, take some tips from the experts.

 

4. Decide whether you will offer the use of boats, jet-skis, life-jackets, etc.

You may rent these separately or include them with the cottage. Whatever you decide, be sure to check with your insurance provider to see what their requirements, coverage options, and charges are for this type of rental.

 

5. Speaking of insurance.

Be sure to get all the information from them about your policy and how it will change if your cottage becomes a short-term rental property. You will want to ask about any restrictions, and be sure to have enough liability coverage.

With a little advance preparation, you can be successful in generating some income while providing safe and pleasant vacation options to others who are looking for a place just like yours!

 

If you’re considering whether or not to purchase a cottage, read “5 Questions you need to answer before buying a cottage”.

Cottage questions
07.14.2020

5 Questions to Answer Before You Buy a Cottage

Buying

Owning your own waterfront cottage is such a romantic notion, actual life goals for many Canadians. As much of a comfort as it is a status symbol, having a vacation property can simplify summer planning for many families who enjoy the tranquility of Cottage Country.

Before you dive in, though – ask yourself these 5 questions to make sure you’ve got all the info you need to help you choose a location.

1. How do you vacation?

Will you (and your family) be content to head to the same destination year after year? Will you enjoy the stability of knowing exactly where you will spend your weekends or holiday weeks, or will you miss the variety and excitement of trying something new and different each year? How will you feel if the kids grow up and decide that they don’t want to go to the cottage anymore? Answers to these questions can help you decide whether you will get enough use of a summer home to make the purchase worthwhile.

2. Will you rent out the property for income?

If it’s unlikely that you will use your cottage every weekend, you may decide to rent it out part of the time. This is most practical if you live within a reasonable drive of the cottage, since you should be ready to go there in person in case of emergency. Some summer homes belong to homeowners’ associations or other management groups, so be sure you know the rules around renting to non-owners. Be aware of additional expenses, such as extra insurance, maintenance, concierge fees, and income taxes. Once you have calculated the costs, you will be in a better position to decide whether offering your place as a rental is a good idea for you.

3. Do you want a seasonal cottage or year round?

Think about what the appeal is to having a vacation home. Is it strictly for summer fun, barbecues, water sports, and summer evenings under the stars? Or do you see yourself cuddled up by the fireplace on cold winter weekends while you watch the snow falling out your cottage window, too? If you dream of tropical beach vacations to escape Canadian winters, a three-season cottage might be the best fit. Be sure to read our in-depth cottage article here.

4. What is the ideal location for your cottage?

Ontario has many areas that qualify as “Cottage Country.” Algonquin Park, Pelee Island, Muskoka, Niagara-on-the-Lake, and Lake Erie’s shores are just a few. Each region has its own appeal. Wise cottage buyers will visit a few different vacation spots and get a feel for what they offer. Do you want to ‘rough it,’ and be as far removed from city life as possible? Or will you prefer the option to wander into a nearby town to shop, eat at restaurants, and be close to conveniences during your time away from home? How far are you willing to travel to get to the cottage? Be realistic about whether you will truly enjoy a 4-hour drive in traffic on a Friday evening to get to a cottage for the weekend.

5. Will you need to hire out maintenance?

Unless you buy property in a managed park, there will be some regular maintenance tasks for you to consider. Who will mow your lawn, water your plants, clean up after summer storms, or shovel snow while you are not there? Does your insurance company specify what they will cover if the property is vacant for periods of time? Be sure to calculate the cost of property check-up and maintenance visits when you work out your budget.There will be other questions as you go through the process, too. Be sure to learn as much as you can about owning a cottage before you buy so that, once you take the plunge, you can fully enjoy your second home.

Cottage By The lake
07.14.2020

Are You Shore You’re Ready For A Cottage By The Water?

Buying

Have you ever dreamed of owning your own little piece of tranquility?  A weekend lakeside retreat, perhaps?

Summers are a time for many Ontario families to head to ‘Cottage Country,’ where they enjoy weekends on the water, evening campfires, and freedom from the stress of the city.  For those who don’t enjoy camping in a tent or trailer, owning a cottage is the choice that allows them to have the best of both worlds: Woods and water outdoors, and a full selection of creature comforts indoors.

From a purely practical point of view, a family cottage can be a great equity-building investment, too.

There are a few things to know about this type of property before jumping into ownership, though.  We have prepared a little crash course for those of you who are considering this kind of property.

 

Some Types of Cottage Property.

This is not an exhaustive list, but these are the kind of vacation homes we find most often on MLS:

  • Winterized/Year Round Waterfront Cottage:  A true second home, a winterized cottage usually has a proper foundation, sometimes even a full basement, and a heat source for winter use.  It may be situated in a neighbourhood where some residents are year-rounders and others are part-time visitors to the area who use their properties mainly on weekends and holidays.
  • Off-water country home:  A different type of summer retreat, this property will appeal to buyers whose prime goal is to have land to roam and enjoy.  The typical ideal off-water country home will have some acreage, perhaps a wooded area, and be near a beach or water access point even though it isn’t waterfront property.  Though it may be rustic, this is normally a year round dwelling. Some investors have a long-term plan to retire to their year round vacation homes after enjoying them as a weekend getaway for several years.

Lenders view these two types of properties much the same way as primary dwellings. It is possible to get an insured mortgage with only 5% down.

  • Seasonal Cottage:  Typically more affordable than year-round homes, 3-season cottages are open between spring and fall.  A few of these may be accessible by water only, and many are on private roads that do not have winter maintenance. Though not movable (like trailers/mobile homes), they are often built on concrete blocks, pilings, or stilts.  We can find some within campgrounds or parks that provide grounds maintenance and other services, including water supply, for a fee, between May 1 and October 31 every year.  In this category, there are direct and indirect waterfront options. Some private roads are a quick walk to the beach with no water views, despite being zoned for seasonal use only.

Seasonal cottages usually require “Type B” vacation property loans.  Lenders may offer a mortgage on a summer home in this category with as little as 10% down under similar terms to other real estate – subject to acceptance by a mortgage insurer like Genworth. You may find that interest rates are slightly higher, and there might be a cap on the dollar value of the mortgage, regardless of market value.

  • Land Lease:  With prices rising in almost all Canadian real estate markets, this option has become more appealing for many buyers. Mobile homes on leased land (usually within tightly managed parks or resorts) are much more affordable than traditional real estate.  For the purpose of this article, we are only talking about seasonal properties that run from May to October- not the ones where owners live full time in a managed mobile home park.  Many of those communities have restrictions on vacation rentals to protect residents from the atmosphere that a seasonal vacation park requires.

Seasonal cottages or mobile homes on leased land are often on prime land near rivers or lakes, and owners can take advantage of shared amenities like watersports equipment rentals, swimming pools, tennis courts, kids’ clubs, wi-fi, etc.  Grounds are maintained and guests can just show up and enjoy their time.

Many investors who wish to own this type of property treat it as a business, renting the place out for most of the summer season, and maybe using it for a week or two themselves. Land lease fees can be steep, but often include taxes, most utilities, and maintenance costs.

Getting a loan for a home on leased land is more challenging, since you do not own the land.  Many buyers use private funds but, if you require a loan, you may get a chattel mortgage from some lenders.

 

What You Should Know About Cottage Construction.

Depending on the age of the cottage you are considering, there are some common issues that you may run into when buying a vacation home.

Older structures seldom meet the standards of current building codes. Many recreational properties do not have full foundations, even if they have been upgraded to include insulation and heating for year-round use. You’ll want to pay attention to cracks in the walls and other signs of settling that offer clues that the footings or piers that support the house are inadequate. Repairs like this can be very expensive.

A qualified building inspector should provide a report on structural issues that need attention, as well as any other elements that are problematic: electrical, heating systems (including WETT inspection for wood-burning appliances), destructive pests (termites, carpenter bees/ants, rats/mice, etc), and old septic systems.

Sometimes at waterfront property or on conservation land, sewage waste goes to an underground holding tank instead of a septic system with a leaching bed. This setup can protect the environment from potential contamination.

A holding tank holds all household sewage. It does not leach any liquid away into the ground like a septic system does. The tank has one compartment that can only hold a limited amount of sewage. A vacuum truck is used to pump out the contents, which are then sent to a municipal treatment system. As you can imagine, these tanks need service frequently, so make sure you factor in this cost to your operating budget.

One more thought about an older cottage: If you have plans to renovate, upgrade, or expand your cottage and/or property – make sure you research the zoning thoroughly, find out what permits you will need, and which agencies will need to grant them. You may find that, in addition to the usual municipal offices, you will have to deal with Conservation Authorities, who may have different requirements and charge additional fees.  Rules have likely changed since the home was first built, and there are no guarantees they will allow you to proceed with your planned project until you get the proper approvals.

A Word About Water Supply…

Does the property have a cistern or a well, or both? A cistern is the more straightforward option, the most common type being a buried receptacle that holds trucked-in, treated water for use inside the home. It’s a good idea to inspect the cistern regularly to ensure that it is clean and well-enclosed to prevent anything from getting into the water supply. You’ll want to make sure you know whether your eaves troughs run into the cistern, since that can be a source of impurities. A free municipal water test can tell you whether the supply has any contaminants in it. Proper maintenance of a cistern will keep cottage water supply safe.

A well requires much more attention and more frequent testing. Local health authorities may provide the required testing, but there are also private labs that offer this service.

If you are not familiar with the function and maintenance of wells, and you are considering buying a rural property for use as a vacation home, adding a cistern to the property may be the most convenient solution. Bottled water for drinking and cooking can provide peace of mind that your family will be safe while relaxing at the property.

Access to the Property

It is more common in Cottage Country than in other residential areas to find private roads and rights-of-way over adjacent properties. Rights-of-way may be deeded or un deeded, and may cross over either private or Crown land. It is important that you understand your property. Your lawyer can help you obtain clear, written confirmation that you will have continued access to the property that you own.

 

Who Owns the Waterfront?

Common sense seems to indicate that the owner of a cottage built on a direct lakefront property is the owner of the land up to the water’s edge.

Laws about this, though, are actually quite complicated – and debates and conflicts more common than you might realize.

To understand the issues, we have to go all the way back to the mid-1800’s. Early land surveyors laid out 66-foot strips of land as commercial road allowances along the shores of rivers and lakes for commercial use by loggers and other transportation companies.

These days, there isn’t a whole lot of logging or commercial activity going on in cottage country. The problem is that, unless the owner purchased the property to the shoreline at some point, that 66-foot span may still be (even if only on paper) Crown Land. This means that the public has rights to access and use that strip to walk along the water, set up a picnic, or even ride ATV’s.

It has surprised some cottage owners to find out that accessory buildings like boathouses and bunkies near their homes are actually not on their property.  The provincial government has a lease program to allow them to keep the building that encroaches on Crown Land by paying rent in some cases.

With the help of a lawyer, the owner of a property that still has an open shoreline access road can apply to purchase this land. Unless there are objections from neighbours or environmental protections in place, many properties will have this option available.

The best way to avoid surprises is to obtain a survey before making a firm offer on a waterfront property, and to have an experienced real estate lawyer search title to ensure that you know all the details of ownership.

Riparian Rights

Owners of waterfront property have riparian rights, that is privileges associated with use of and access to that body of water. Some of these riparian rights are:

  1. Right of access to the water
  2. Right of drainage (of land into the body of water)
  3. Rights relating to the quantity (flow and level) of water
  4. Rights relating to the quality of water
  5. Rights relating to the use of water and
  6. Right of accretion.

The right of accretion entitles an owner to the extension of their land if the water retreats. More often, though, erosion is the concern.

Generally speaking, if you own property that has a water boundary, you have riparian rights, including access to the body of water for recreational uses such as boating, swimming, and fishing.

This does not mean, however, that the owner of a waterfront property owns the water or the lake or river bed.

For more information about riparian rights, click here

Waterfront Improvements

To fully enjoy their water access, many cottagers add docks or boathouses. Some of these require no work permits, such as floating docks or boathouses, or those whose supporting structures have a surface area of less than 15 square meters. (Note that these could still require permission for occupational authority if they are on Crown Land. It’s always best to double check.)

For other types of work along the water’s edge, the Ministry of Natural Resources and the local municipality need to issue permits and approvals. Depending on the location, Transport Canada may even review the matter to ensure that there are no negative impacts on navigation.

Since erosion is a constant threat, many owners of waterfront land build a barrier or break wall of some sort. These are expensive, but often necessary to protect the shoreline from being washed away into the water. Before trying to create one of these structures, even if you plan to hire a contractor, find out whether you need an environmental study in addition to the required permits.

 

Final Word

A cottage property is a big, exciting investment that can offer enjoyment to multiple generations. If you are interested in creating memories at a summer home by the lake, be sure to do all the research you can so you make the right choice and fully enjoy your own little piece of paradise.

06.15.2020

Just Listed! 620 South Coast Dr, Nanticoke.

Latest News

Summer plans being shelved by social distancing rules and travel bans?

Here’s an option to spend time by the lake at your own private cottage. This 3-bedroom lakefront bungalow could just as easily be a year-round home as a summer vacation retreat. Beautifully located on a deep, tranquil, treed lot and direct access to Lake Erie’s spectacular views – it’s perfect for relaxing and enjoying summer days.

Enjoy canoeing on the lake, watching the kids run around the large, private yard, or just kicking back in your Muskoka chairs while you watch the sunset in your own piece of paradise.

The home’s interior has all the creature comforts you could want for year-round living: Fully equipped eat-in kitchen, laundry hookup, vaulted ceilings in a large, bright living room, 2000 gallon cistern, electric heat – and all the tasteful furnishings are included.

Nothing to do but move in and enjoy!

Click here to see all this home / cottage has to offer 🙂